The return of the Olympic and Paralympic Games to Greece was received with great excitement around the world, however, there was also great anxiety because the existing facilities was far from adequate and the city lacked experience with constructing such large-scale projects.
Calatrava reorganized the existing 100-hectare area and designed a new roof for the Olympic Stadium; a new roof and refurbishing of the Velodrome; entrance plazas; and entrance canopies for the entire complex. Additionally, and on his own initiative, he designed the Agora complex; a central Plaza of the Nations, including tree-lined boulevards; a pair of arcade structures; his own version of an Olympic cauldron — a giant torch; a sculptural Nations Wall; a new warm-up area for athletes: pedestrian bridges and connections to public transportation; parking areas; bus terminals; and installations for all service elements. He also conceived for the common area to include circulation spines. The central circulation spine for the complex runs in an east-west direction, connecting the Olympic Stadium and the Velodrome, Perpendicular to this spine is a wide boulevard of trees that links the tennis courts, the new warm-up areas, and the logistics center.
The Nations Wall is a monumental sculpture made of tubular steel, 261 m long (856 ft), which stands just south of the Plaza of the Nations and the central axis. Designed so that it can move mechanically in a wavelike motion, the sculpture is made up of 960 vertical elements, each 20 m tall (66 ft), which are operated by 480 motors. The Wall’s function, in part, is to create an architectural screen for a large hall that stands to the south, so that this building may be visually integrated with the complex. In motion, the Nations Wall will create a pleasing effect of light and shadow over the central axis and Plaza of the Nations. It can be adapted to serve as a giant projection screen for events held in the Plaza of the Nations.
2001 - 2004
Λεωφ. Ολυμπιονίκου Σπύρου Λούη
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